2 December 2020

American Family Physician

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COVID-19 Daily Research Briefs

 

ACEI/ARB Not Associated with Increased Risk of Contracting COVID-19 at Cleveland Clinic. Researchers at the Cleveland Clinic reviewed the records of patients with suspected COVID-19 seen in their healthcare system in Ohio and Florida between March 8, 2020, and April 12, 2020. They tested based on clinical suspicion of COVID based on symptoms, travel, and exposure history and being in a high-risk group (based on age and chronic diseases). They also tested healthcare workers purely based on symptoms. Because patients prescribed ACEIs or ARBs are more likely to also have serious comorbid conditions, the researchers performed a propensity-weighted analysis to attempt to adjust for known confounders. Of 18,472 patients tested, 1,735 (9.4%) had a positive PCR for SARS-CoV-2. Whereas patients taking an ACEI had a slightly lower risk and patients taking an ARB had a slightly higher risk of having been diagnosed with COVID-19, the odds were tiny and not statistically significant. However, patients on ACEIs were more likely to be hospitalized (OR 1.8, 95% CI, 1.2 to 2.8) or go to the ICU (OR 1.8, 95% CI, 1.07 to 2.9). Whereas patients taking ARBs were also at higher risk of hospitalization (OR 1.6, 95% CI, 1.04 to 2.5), there was no association with going to the ICU. The use of ACEIs or ARBs was not associated with the use of mechanical ventilation.

 

Written by Henry C. Barry, MD, MS, on May 6, 2020. (Source: Mehta N, Kalra A, Nowacki AS, et al. Association of use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers with testing positive for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) [published online May 5, 2020]. JAMA Cardiolhttps://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamacardiology/fullarticle/2765695(jamanetwork.com))

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